2020同等学力申硕英语完形填空小练1

来源:同等学力申硕之家 时间:2020-04-24 17:12:08

  2020考研正在进行中,同等学力申硕考试报名时间虽然还未确定,但是目前并未取消考试,所以还是要认真复习。

  Cloze 1

  The history of transportation is very long and full of changes and inventions. It starts 1 walking, which is not any invention; it just takes energy. People used to walk to get to other places. If you wanted to get somewhere quickly, the 2 way to do that was to run. Actually, the first invention for transportation 3 was the shoe. Centuries ago there were no shoes, and people walked barefoot.

  Then people invented 4 to transport themselves and material from one place to another. In some culture, people invented sledges(雪橇), 5 are a kind of board that you drag along the ground. You can tie things on the sledge to help carry them, but it’s a challenging invention 6 if you hit a rock with sledge as you pull it, the contents can 7 . In other cultures, people invented the wheel, which they used to make it easier to move things and people. That was the beginning of many innovations in transportation.

  8 people had wheels they could invent other ways to travel. They could put the wheel on a board and make it wagon, and then they could 9 that wagon to an ox or a horse and ride as well as carry materials. That wheel led to 10 we have today: trucks, automobiles, and even boats and planes. For example, there were steamboats that used giant wheels that turned with blades, pushing the water and pushing the boat forward.

  1. A. on B. at C. for D. with

  2. A. possible B. only C. one D. just

  3. A. probably B. luckily C. really D. formerly

  4. A. methods B. channels C. ways D. measures

  5. A. what B. when C. where D. which

  6. A. unless B. but C. even D. since

  7. A. pull out B. slip off C. hold down D. put down

  8. A. Once B. Then C. However D. Yet

  9. A. stick B. make C. fasten D. change

  10. A. what B. that C. which D. how

  答案与解析

  1. D. Start with为固定搭配“以...为开端”,因此正确答案为D。

  2. B. 如果你想快点到达某地,唯一的方式就是跑。根据句意和语境,正确答案为the only way”唯一的方式”。

  3. A. 事实上,最早发明的交通工具可能是鞋子。选项A. probably可能;B. luckily幸运地;C. really真的;D. formerly原先,以前。根据句意,正确答案为A。

  4. C. 然后人们发明了出行的交通方式。根据下文8选项所在句子中出现了“ways”,因此正确答案选择C。

  5. D. 这是一个定语从句,which用于指代前面的“sledges”,因此正确答案为D。

  6. D. 但它是一个具有挑战性的发明,因为当你拉的时候撞上石头,雪橇上的东西就滑下去了。表“因为”,只有D符合句意。

  7. B. 但它是一个具有挑战性的发明,因为当你拉的时候撞上石头,雪橇上的东西就滑下去了。选项A. pull out退出,离开;B. slip off滑落;C. hold down压住,镇压;D. put down放下,镇压。因此正确答案为B。

  8. A. 一旦人们有了轮子,她们就会发明其他的出行工具。选项A. Once一旦;B. Then然后;C. However尽管;D. Yet虽然。因此正确答案为A。

  9. C. 他们可以把那辆马车拴在牛或马身上,可以载人也可以运载材料。选项A. stick粘贴;B. make制作;C. fasten系牢,钉牢;D. change改变。根据句意,正确答案为C。

  10. A. 轮子使得我们拥有现在的东西:大卡车、摩托…。这是一个what引导的宾语从句,正常语序为“we have what”,由于引导词在句中做宾语且有实际含义,因此B、C都不满足,D不合句意,正确答案为A。

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